What is Ceramics?
The ceramic is a material used for the manufacture of plate, bowl, or various other objects, which is then fired at high temperature so it can be solidified. It can be glaze making it better for tableware use, or stay unglazed. It is currently the most widely used material in tableware.
The word “ceramic” means “land potter”, “clay”.
An object made from clay, suffered irreversible physicochemical transformation during its high temperature cooking.
We can distinguish three categories of ceramics:
– Domestic ceramics, mainly pottery and tableware.
– The-art ceramics, which neglects the utility function to focus on the decorative value.
– Technical ceramics, with new properties is particularly developed in the twentieth century, they are found in medical- applications, sanitary, industrial or electronics.
Ceramics was the first “art of fire” to appear, well before the metallurgy and glass work. If the first signs of use of ceramics dating back to the Paleolithic (~ 29,000 BC.) are matters of cultic, its domestic use (dishes and jars) appears to the Neolithic (~ 10000 BC. ), with sedentary tribes.
First, based on modeling technique used by primitive civilizations, technology is moving towards work the late Neolithic with the appearance of the potter’s wheel, which was invented in Asia about 4000 BC.
Far East Ceramic is universally known for its porcelain, but also for its celadon as it provides the color of jade, ” the sacred stone’’. Indeed, Asian pottery and art of extreme length with a long tradition of technical and stylistic innovations.
Ceramics is still growing, in terms of shapes and decorations but also technically.
The Potter Wheel
In pottery, a potter’s wheel is a tool used in the development of round ceramic, flat, plate, bowl …. This tool allows to use the technique of turning. This technique was introduced in Cambodia around the tenth century in the
manufacturing sites of Lolei (30 km from Siem Reap).
– The throwing: is the most advanced technique. It requires a long apprenticeship (but you can practice with the courses we offer, it will allow you to have a first approach.)
It’s always turned parts in an anti-clockwise, as in the early laps behaved the steering wheel which was activated by pulling the left hand while forming the clay with the right hand.
” This has led to anti-clockwise which is universal. ’’
When the throwing is finish, the next step is The trimming it consist to correct the imperfections and will make the feet of the pottery appear. This is followed by the fitting of handles (if needed), and the carving ”Kbach” our specialty. The Potter Wheel can also be used for applying incised decoration or rings of color.
The exact origin of the potter’s wheel is not quite clear it was introduced around 4000 BC-AD.
It has revolutionized pottery for obtaining them far more regular and much lighter parts that can be distorted before complete drying.
”Kbach” Our Speciality:
Kbach is a general term, used in the Khmer language, to name the variety of ornaments that decorate objects and architectural surfaces throughout Cambodia. We using those carving on most products.
Sculptures are very rarely used to decorate ceramics.
But is our Speciality it is very complex and taking quite long time.
All Kbach shapes refer to the natural elements. Here are some examples of the most famous ones:
– The Frontal Lotus petal Shape
– The Ficus religiosa leaft Shape.
– The Lotus petal seen from the side Shape.
– The Chan flower Shape.
– The Flame Shape.
– The spiral snail shell Shape.